Preparedness Guide – Food

Before a disaster, it is vital to know what kinds of foods and drinks you should store. Without proper precaution, a fully-stocked kitchen could quickly turn into a vast collection of spoiled, inedible trash.

It is especially important for the state of Hawaii to be prepared in the event of a disaster. According to Department of Emergency Management’s public information officer John Cummings, due to Hawaii’s isolation from the rest of its country, assistance from outside states would not be as readily available.

During a disaster, water may seem like one of the most obtainable items, but without power, safe water sources are limited. It is of upmost importance to know that you have access to good drinking water. “Assume seven days without food, water, or resupplies,” informed Maria Lutz, Director of Emergency Services for the Hawaii State Chapter of the American Red Cross. Optimal ways of storing water include filling up a bathtub, purchasing bottled water, or filling clean containers with tap water. Do not drink water from toilet flush tanks or bowls, radiators, waterbeds, or swimming pools/spas, warns the American Red Cross. Water may be obtained outdoors from rainwater, moving bodies of water such as rivers, ponds, lakes, and springs.

Likewise, items such as medicine, clothing, first aid kits, water, and food should last about a week. “Ideally, you’ll want long-lasting, non-perishable food that requires no heating,” stated Cummings. “Local favorites such as Spam, Vienna sausages, and sardines work great.”

The American Red Cross suggests various food supplies for stashing, including dried fruits, dry crackers, potatoes, and boxed powdered milk for use within six months. Many of the suggested items for use within a year are commonplace in homes, such as peanut butter, vitamins, canned juices, and jelly. Items that may be stored indefinitely include dried corn, instant coffee and tea, rice, dry pasta, and soybeans. The American Red Cross warns not to ingest salty foods when low on water, since they may cause thirst.

Power outages are likely during a disaster; assume there will be no access to heating. Remember to plan food accordingly by considering the number of people in a residence. Allot for breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Also consider the nutritional value of these foods. Prepare early and pay attention to non-perishables containing proteins, dairies, fruits, and vegetables.

Perishable foods’ longevity can be extended during a power outage. By keeping refrigerator and freezer doors closed, food stays cold for about four hours. Refrigerators should be kept around 40 degrees Fahrenheit.  According to the Federal Emergency Management Agency, 25 pounds of dry ice can keep perishables frozen three to four days in a 10-cubic-foot freezer.

Cooking is possible during a power outage with gas stoves. FEMA suggests unconventional cooking sources “including candle warmers, chafing dishes, fondue pots or a fireplace.” Canned foods may also be eaten out of their own cans. The American Red Cross cautions to “always make sure to extinguish open flames before leaving the room.”

In the event of an evacuation, it is easy to forget that one has a stash of supplies. Make sure they are easily accessible in one’s home. “You could use a rolling bag to store your supplies, making it easy to move,” added Cummings. “Supplies should be stored in a dark part of the house, avoiding direct sunlight.” Moisture should also be avoided, since it could lead to mold and spoiled items.

Regularly check long-term supplies to ensure they are still edible, usable, and in good condition. Rotate items annually to avoid expiration. An easy reminder would be to check supplies as disaster season approaches every year. Allow enough time before a disaster to replace any possibly perished, spoiled, or broken items.

If more containers of food and drink are opened than needed during a disaster, Cummings suggested using them to supplement other foods. For example, if more dried fruit packages were opened than needed, the dried fruit could be added to another person’s cereal, jerky, or mixed nuts. Save food from going to waste. Make use of plastic containers and bags to collect leftovers.

Despite Hawaii experiencing various natural disasters in the past, not everybody is prepared for the mischance of a hurricane or tsunami. “We’ve had three evacuations in the last three years, so I’d say most folks are well aware,” spoke Cummings. “But we could be made more aware.”

As soon as a disaster is forecasted, most general goods stores and markets will find themselves swamped with customers. Avoid the stress of long lines and low inventory by preparing beforehand.

Collecting supplies before a disaster does not take longer than a few hours and may one day be your family’s lifesaver.

Link to article on Honolulu Star-Advertiser.

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Preparedness Guide – Plan

When the Emergency Alarm System sirens to announce an imminent weather disaster, stress and worry can be reduced with a planned course of action. An emergency plan should address everything from aiding family members with functional needs to shutting off utilities before evacuating.

“Being prepared today can save lives tomorrow,” said Coralie Matayoshi, CEO for the Hawaii State Chapter of the American Red Cross. “You are your best defense against emergencies. There are three key things you should do to prepare yourself and your loved ones for emergencies: build an emergency preparedness kit, make a plan for what your family will do in an emergency, and be informed about resources available in your community and types of disasters that could occur there.”

A family without a synchronized emergency plan will run into more problems when evacuating than a family who planned ahead. “Keep in touch with your family,” said Maria Lutz, Director of Emergency Services for the Hawaii State Chapter of the American Red Cross. “Usually, the most stressful thing is not knowing if everyone is okay.” Assign one emergency contact from your neighborhood and one from outside your neighborhood as a method of assurance. It may also help to have at least one contact in the contiguous United States.

Considering some disasters are more complicated than others, families should evaluate how they will get to a safe place. “A lot of people stay at home during flash flooding,” stated Lutz. “Don’t wait until the last minute.” Lutz warns against driving during high flooding, especially in high risk areas, to avoid losing control of the vehicle. Determine unconventional roads in case the route you would routinely take is obstructed.

In the event a family gets separated, members should already be prepared to find their way back together through prior planning.  Establish a method of communication to contact each other. In cases of low power on mobile devices, agree on a time during which members will turn on their phones in order to conserve battery life. A safe location such as a local shelter can be used as a meeting point.

Shelters are limited during hurricanes. “Not many buildings may resist over 80 to 90 miles per hour winds,” warned Lutz. The Department of Emergency Management provides residents with shelter lists sorted by island and district. Schools make up a large portion of them in the state. Pet owners should locate shelters with designated quarters for pets. “Most people haven’t thought of the conditions they’ll be under in shelters,” warned Lutz. It is advised that residents bring their own food supplies, while keeping in mind individuals may have as little as ten feet of space to occupy.

As a final step, families and individuals should designate tasks to speed up the evacuation process. Tsunamis generated in distant locations will commonly allow residents enough time to pack their car and vacate their homes for higher ground. Locally generated tsunamis pose a larger threat, usually allowing only fifteen minutes before reaching land. Evacuation plans for tsunamis should apply for heavy rains and flooding as well.

An emergency kit should be kept with seven days’ worth of supplies such as water, food, and change of clothes. Water kept in the kit should be kept to a gallon per person per day. All food stored in the kit should be non-perishable and easy to prepare without requiring heating. Keep emergency kits in a dark part of the home, away from direct sunlight and moisture. Kits should preferably be stored in rolling luggage for easy portability.

Plan accordingly; add supplies to the kit that fit your needs. The Federal Emergency Management Agency suggests including pet food, medication, infant formula, diapers, and important documents. Items for personal sanitation such as moist towelettes, garbage bags, and plastic ties may be necessary. If carrying canned foods in the kit, remember the can opener.

Keep a small radio with access to NOAA Weather Radio, which broadcasts National Weather Service warnings, watches, forecasts and other hazard information 24 hours a day. A hand crank radio requires no power outlet and often comes with a built-in flashlight, making it essential for disasters.

Despite Hawaii experiencing many disasters in its history, not all residents may be prepared for the unforeseen. “People have heard what they should do,” spoke Lutz. “Not many people have put it into practice.” Small tasks often overlooked can lead to major hazards. Creating a plan for every possible scenario could transform a scary experience into a well-coordinated routine.

Link to article on Honolulu Star-Advertiser.